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 What is Applied behaviour analysis (ABA)?

ABA is the process of systematically applying interventions based upon the principles of learning theory to improve socially significant behaviours to a meaningful degree. The ABA approach teaches social, motor, and verbal behaviours as well as reasoning skills. ABA treatment is especially useful in teaching behaviours to children with autism who may otherwise not "pick up" these behaviours on their own as other children would.

What is Positive Behaviour Support (PBS)?

PBS is a behaviour management system based on ABA used to understand what maintains an individual's challenging behaviour. People's inappropriate behaviours are difficult to change because they are functional; they serve a purpose for them. These behaviours are supported by reinforcement in the environment. In the case of  children and youth, often adults in a child’s environment will reinforce his or her undesired behaviours because the child will receive objects and/or attention because of his behaviour. Functional behaviour assessments (FBAs) clearly describe behaviours, identifies the contexts (events, times, and situation) that predict when behavioUr will and will not occur, and identifies consequences that maintain the behaviour. The positive behaviour support process involves goal identification, information gathering, hypothesis development, support plan design, implementation and monitoring.

This flexible family-centred program is for families, children & youth ages 0-19. The program is open to individuals with all diagnoses, including ASD, FASD, and intellectual disabilities. The program is also open to individuals with no formal diagnosis. The Sources Access Program has a highly qualified and experienced behaviour consulting team including: Dr. Richard Stock, BCBA-D Clinical lead and Chloe Wang, BCBA Candidate. 

Why is Family-Centred Positive Behaviour Support important? According to 50 years of evidence-based research ABA and PBS are shown to be the most effective and contextually appropriate interventions for behaviours such as aggression, self-injury, and property destruction.  These behaviours are a major source of stress for parents and caregivers, consequently many families with children with developmental disabilities have a significant need for behaviour support services.

Despite this need, families often have a hard time accessing these services at home.  Families often report they need:

  • Services that promote meaningful behavioural and lifestyle change across all of the natural contexts of family life.
  • Parent-professional relationships that are more collegial and less hierarchical.
  • Assessments that help parents understand problem behaviours without assigning blame to the family.
  • Interventions that are positive, practical, and culturally sensitive.
  • Outcomes that endure many years.

The main goals of family-centred PBS is to empower families with the knowledge and skills for:

  • Understanding the causes of problem behaviour
  • Effectively implementing positive behavioural supports in natural family contexts
  • Ameliorate problem behaviour and teach developmentally appropriate behaviours and skills
  • Improve the quality of life of the child and the family as a whole
  • Solve new or recurring problems in child behaviour with little to no professional assistance.

Reference: Lucyshyn, Joseph M., Kayser, Anne T., Irvin, Larry K., & Blumberg, Richard E. (2002). Families and Positive Behaviour Support: Addressing Problem Behaviour in Family Contexts. 97-98.

"PBS helps families with reducing self-injurious behaviour, aggression, property destruction, as well as increases desired behaviours by implementing toileting programs, morning/evening routines, whole family rules and schedules with siblings included, teaching new behaviours such as calm-down and self-regulation routines, and teaches families how to use reinforcement schedules and consequences effectively. We graph and monitor our data outcomes, so we can ensure we are providing effective service. Our primary focus is to prevent problem behaviours, and to teach and reinforce new functional behaviours in collaboration with the child and family”. – Goldean Lowe, Access PBS manager.

Sources Newton Resource Centre

Hours: Mon-Fri 8:30am to 4:30pm

Newton Resource Centre 

#107  13771 72A St. Surrey, B.C. V3W 9C6

Phone:  778.593.885

Fax: 604.594.6641

Email: Sources Access Program